© UNICEF/UN028425/Esiebo A mother feeds Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) to her daughter at one of the health centres UNICEF is supporting in Muna garage IDP camp, Maiduguri, Borno state. Nearly a quarter of a million children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition in Borno, a result of more than three years of violence that has devastated the area.

The United Nations Children’s Fund has praised moves by wife of Nigerian president, Aisha Buhari, to address urgent need to tackle malnutrition among children in the country.

More than 2.5 million children under age five face severe acute malnutrition each year.

It is an extremely dangerous condition that makes children nine times more likely to die from common childhood diseases like diarrhoea, pneumonia and malaria, the Fund says.

Every year, nearly 420,000 children under five die as a result of this deadly combination in Nigeria.

More than 80 parliamentarians meeting on Monday and Tuesday are discussing ways they can follow up on commitments they made at a parliamentary meeting in June in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, to protect children from malnutrition.

Nigerian lawmakers will plan support for Nigeria’s Action Plan to encourage exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of a child’s life; they will also discuss how to better coordinate action to combat malnutrition across all 36 states and better deliver nutrition solutions for children.

Aisha Buhari, is leading the charge among Nigeria’s influential Wives of Governors to join her in becoming champions to address the country’s ongoing nutrition crisis.

On Monday, she worked with the wife of the Vice president, governors and government agencies, UNICEF and partners to advocate for improved healthcare and nutrition for women and children.

Although the problem is more widespread in northern Nigeria, there are malnourished children in every Nigerian state. Chronic malnutrition can lead to stunting, leaving children physically and/or mentally under-developed for the rest of their lives. Over 11 million children in Nigeria are stunted – a huge drain on the future of the country.

Steps to prevent children becoming malnourished include supporting and encouraging mothers to breastfeed their babies exclusively for the first six months of life; educating families about the correct feeding practices for older babies and children; and provision of micronutrient supplements and vitamins  and fortified food for pregnant women and young children.

Children suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition need medical treatment.

An innovative and cost-effective way of treating malnourished children was first introduced in 2009 and has since expanded to 12 northern states.

This Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) programme has treated over two million children since it was first introduced in Nigeria, at a cost of just US$160 per child.

The British charity the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), which has provided almost US$60 million to cover the cost of CMAM in Nigeria’s 12 northern states since 2013, has issued a challenge to the leaders of those states to fulfil their commitment to provide counterpart funding and even to go beyond.

If the states are able to raise US$16million to fund SAM treatment in 2017 and 2018, CIFF has pledged to provide and additional matching US$16 million.